Study Finds Higher Education Predicts Better Cardiovascular Health Outcomes In High-Income Countries, But Not In Low- And Middle

Medical News Today

In one of the first international studies to compare the link between formal education and heart disease and stroke, the incidence of these diseases and certain risk factors decreased as educational levels increased in high-income countries, but not in low- and middle-income countries.

Researchers - who reported their study in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association - also found that smoking rates unexpectedly increased with greater education level among women in high-income and low-and middle-income regions. Furthermore, highly educated women in low-and-middle-income countries had a slight increase in the incidence of fatal and nonfatal heart attack and stroke. Among all other groups, heart disease declined as education increased, with highly educated men in high-income countries showing the lowest level of disease.

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